(This originally appeared in the Winter 2001 edition of the MCOI Journal)
In the last issue of the Journal, our cover article exposed major problems in the doctrinal positions of Gwen Shamblin, leader of the very popular Weigh Down Workshops.
As many of our readers are aware, this past August Gwen Shamblin went public with her views against such vital doctrines as the Trinity and salvation by grace through faith. She along with a few others recently started a church, Remnant Fellowship, which is, according to Gwen, “a division of Weigh Down Workshop.”1Remnant Basics, Remnant Fellowship, Franklin, TN, 2000 tape 1 (Weigh Down Workshop will hereafter be WDW) Our Journal article as well as our national discussions on Christian radio and television have sparked much interest within the Christian community and kept our phone lines busy. The most frequently asked question is whether or not Shamblin’s new religious organization—Remnant Fellowship—is a cult? Do her unorthodox views on essential Christian doctrine automatically brand her as a cult leader?
Not surprisingly, Gwen insists they do not. Says Shamblin in her own defense:
People who have questioned Trinity teachings in the past and present have sometimes been accused of being cult leaders by people whose faulty reasoning is that “cult leaders are people who explain mysteries that our finite minds cannot understand.” This is ridiculous. Explaining or revealing mysteries by the help of God is not the definition of a cult leader.2Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p3.
Gwen is using a faulty definition in order to avoid culpability. Her assertion that “explaining or revealing mysteries by the help of God” does not make one a cult leader is true. However, she lumps these two things together as though they are essentially the same. Explaining God’s mysteries as revealed in Scripture and revealing God’s mysteries, are two very different things. Biblical prophets of God, such as Jeremiah, Ezekiel, etc., revealed mysteries with the help of God and wrote these revelations as Scripture. The Apostles Peter, Paul, et al, were given new revelations by God and wrote them down as the Scriptures of the New Testament. Today the canon of Scripture is closed. All the “new light” we will ever need was revealed 2000 years ago give or take a few years. Explaining the Scriptures written long ago is a very different thing. Every good minister today tries to explain these Biblical revelations or mysteries to their flock, but none of them can claim their interpretation of these Scriptures is the one, true inspired explanation or interpretation of the Bible. The Bible is inspired, but the Bible interpreter is not.
Cult leaders, however, blur these lines to oblivion. First, they do not so much try to explain the mysteries of the Bible as to explain them away, all the while implying that their explanation—their Biblical interpretation—has been given to them from God. They may or may not claim infallibility, but their comments imply it. How so? Very simply—IF God Himself gives you a special interpretation—it must be infallible or God Himself must be fallible. And all Christian-based cults claim God has revealed the meaning of Scripture to them—certainly Gwen does, very clearly.3Weigh Down Workshop archived e-mail #29
And though most cult leaders claim to be true prophets of the true God who have been commissioned by God to reveal His mysteries, they universally prove to be false prophets when they are examined by the Bible’s criteria for true prophets of God. More on this later …
Gwen has created a “strawman argument,” which she then proceeds to bat down (at least to the satisfaction of her fervent followers—those who do not have enough knowledge of cults to critically scrutinize her statements, even if they still retain enough independence of mind to question things she says). This setting up of a “strawman” cult definition is a common ploy used by cult leaders to hide their true nature. The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society (WTBTS)* does this all the time. Periodically, they publish a “we-are-not-a cult” article in their WATCHTOWER magazine, in order to allay the fears of some of their members upon whom this truth is beginning to dawn.
Alan Gomes penned the working definition of a cult most commonly used today by Christian counter-cult organizations:
A cult of Christianity is a group of people who claim to be Christian, yet embrace a particular doctrinal system taught by an individual leader, group of leaders, or organization, which (system) denies (either explicitly or implicitly) one or more of the central doctrines of the Christian faith as taught in the 66 books of the Bible.4Unmasking Modern Cults, Alan Gomes, Zondervan, 1995, p7
There is also a sociological definition of a cult that includes such things as inordinate control over what members can think and over their lives in general. We usually look for these signs, too, when examining groups that are brought to our attention.
One rule of thumb: If a group feels the need to constantly deny they are a cult, that’s generally a bad sign all by itself.
Gwen has more to say about cult leaders that bears examination before we move on:
A cult leader is clearly someone who leads people to follow the commands of himself or herself, to worship the leader—not God. For instance, Jim Jones was capable of getting his followers to drink poison.5Unmasking Modern Cults, Alan Gomes, Zondervan, 1995, p7
Very few cult leaders openly demand “worship”—most put on quite a show of humility, in fact. If Gwen demanded “worship,” we would be surprised. But, while Gwen may not ask for “worship,” she, like other cult leaders, very openly teaches that she holds a very special place in God’s current plan for mankind. Such a teaching invites unholy devotion, and unholy devotion is idolatry.
Contrary to Gwen’s pat suggestion, not all cults demand their adherents drink poisoned Kool-Aid, or otherwise physically endanger themselves. Many cults are harmless in a strictly physical sense, but virtually all cults demand devotion to the leader’s teachings as a condition for membership and good standing within the cult group. And virtually all cult members understand that to reject the cult’s teachings and interpretations of Scripture is tantamount to a rejection of God Himself. Devotion to leader equals devotion to God. This mindset is what is used by many cult leaders to get their members to drink poison, eat garbage, refuse blood transfusions, plant poison gas bombs in subways, or engage in other life-threatening behaviors, but many others just use it to keep their membership in lockstep agreement with their dogmas. Gwen is definitely manifesting this mark of a cult leader. We shall have to wait and see whether she actually endangers her followers in a physical sense. Spiritually, she is already quite deadly.
Gwen has more to say about the “cult” issue:
Others are calling me a cult because Jehovah’s Witnesses teach that Jesus is the Son of God and that He is not the Father. In other words, one small portion of their teachings must parallel one small portion of my teaching … but I assure you that there are no other comparisons. This is a dangerous and faulty logic.6Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p3
Here, Gwen is correct to a point. If a “small portion” of her teachings aligned with cults or false religious movements, that would not necessarily mean she is a cult leader. Jehovah’s Witnesses and Mormons agree with genuine Christians that the Bible is the Word of God. Similarity of belief with well-known cults in certain areas of doctrine does not brand any group a cult by itself. Moreover, even if none of Gwen’s teachings were similar to existing groups classified as cults, that would not mean she is not a cult leader. As Greg Koukl points out:
This reply, though, misses the point. Indeed, there need be no similarity to any existing cult for a new group to be in serious error. The key is not how one’s teaching compares with other cults, but how it compares with biblical orthodoxy.7The Birth of a Cult?, Greg Koukl, November/December, www.str.org/free/solid_ground/SG0011.htm, p2
Unfortunately, though, Gwen’s teachings parallel those of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JWs) not in “one small portion” as she asserts, but in many areas of doctrine. We detailed many of these similarities in our last Journal article. But, even more importantly, the areas (where Gwen’s teachings, practices, and claims parallel JWs and other cults) are the very areas that distinguish orthodox Christianity from cults and false religions. False teaching on the nature of God is not some minor issue—it separates the true from the false.
How does one identify a group as being a cult? After all, cults claim to be “Christians,” and talk about Jesus, and use (or rather misuse) the Bible, but they are counterfeits—some of them very good counterfeits. So how is the average person in the pew to know the true from the false? A large part of Midwest Christian Outreach’s ministry is helping people to discern the difference between God’s true pastors and the wolves that Jesus warned would appear and prey upon the sheep (Matthew 7:15). There are certain characteristics we have identified that generally apply to cults. They are a “group check,” of sorts. A group does not have to match every one of these in order to set off alarm bells; if a group meets enough of these standards, you can be fairly sure it is a full-blown cult or a cult in the making. So common are these characteristics, that we have published them in a booklet which we rather ingeniously titled Characteristics of Cults. Let’s examine some of these cultic characteristics keeping Gwen and her Remnant Fellowship in mind.
Upon examination, we find cults are not so much led as ruled! There is an individual or small select group whom (as they see it) God has put in control—and control they do! This may be the founder of the particular cult group, or those to whom the authority of the founder has been passed upon his death. The Branch Davidians had their David Koresh; the Heaven’s Gate had Marshall Applewhite. The Jehovah’s Witnesses have been ruled by a small group of elderly men known as the “Governing Body” (GB, rather than an individual as they were in their founding years). Their ironfisted authority now seems to be passing to a new generation of rulers, necessitated by the advanced age of the GB, and possibly, in order to avoid lawsuits stemming from their deadly ban on blood transfusions that has needlessly taken the lives of so many.
We should not neglect to mention that the “Big Cheese” can also be, and often is, a woman—cult leading is an equal opportunity occupation! The Church Universal and Triumphant, until recently, was led by Elizabeth Claire Prophet—a.k.a. Guru Ma, a.k.a. “her doomness”(a name given her in Time Magazine’s March 26, 1990 issue because of her penchant for predicting Armageddon).
The “Big Cheese” demands uncritical allegiance and unquestioning obedience from their followers, and to the Big Cheese alone is given the “inspired” understanding of God’s Word and purposes. For example, the January 15, 1983 WATCHTOWER8he WATCHTOWER is one of the bi-weekly publications of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society a.k.a. Jehovah’s Witnesses tells its readers to “avoid independent thinking,”99. The WATCHTOWER, January 15, 1983, p22 likening independent thought to Eve’s sin in the Garden of Eden. To question the dictates of “God’s organization” is to follow Satan’s invitation to “decide for yourself what is good or bad.” “To this day,” the article warns, “it has been Satan’s subtle design to infect God’s people with this type of thinking. How is such independent thinking manifested? A common way is by questioning the counsel that is provided by God’s visible organization.”1010. The WATCHTOWER, January 15, 1983, p22 What a powerful tool for dictatorial rule! To question “God’s organization” is to follow Satan and sin against God.
Shamblin fits this first characteristic like a glove. Although Remnant Fellowship instructs people outside of the group to critically evaluate their pastors and churches and to leave these churches if they do not agree with Gwen’s “enlightened” interpretation of Scripture, no one is to question Gwen, but to believe and obey everything she says as from the Lord. As she puts it:
The people who have less trouble with the deceitful lies that keep you overeating are the people who watched Weigh Down’s Orientation Video and decided for themselves from the start that I was a leader from God, so they submitted themselves freely to the teachings on the tapes and followed EVERYTHING. They did not arrogantly pick and choose some of the teachings, but ALL of them, because they knew they were from the Lord …”11WDW archived e-mail #29
We mustn’t “pick and choose”—our job is to open up, and Gwen’s job is to spoon feed us. After that, our sole responsibility is to swallow! Is Gwen a “Big Cheese?” You bet! At the beginning of the April 19, 2000 worship service of the Remnant Fellowship in Franklin, TN, an unidentified male addressed people who were new to the organization:
… God has been using Gwen to teach us through the Word what we are supposed to know and has used her to reveal so many things which may otherwise have been hidden. Gwen has been given a gift for interpretation and for teaching and for making Scriptures plain and clear that we need to know about. So as a body, we need to soak in and take in every word that is taught from her mouth.12Audio tape of the Remnant Fellowship service of 4/19/00. Tape on file
Man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God—and Gwen?
The Big Cheeses of pseudo-Christian cults generally claim to revere the Bible, but they deny their followers the God-given right and responsibility to be Bereans13Acts 17:11—to search the Scriptures and determine whether what they are being taught by the Cheese is true or false. Oh, they often encourage their flock to read the Bible and even “study” it, but the proper interpretation comes from the Cheese. If the leader says black is white, then so it is. In this way, the Bible is a dark book to the average member. Are Gwen’s followers allowed to critically evaluate what she is saying by the Bible? Absolutely not! God is not going to “speak directly” to just any old body—not every one has that “gift,” you see. So, just like the JWs, the Mormons, the Branch Davidians, and an unholy host of religious charlatans, a “Remnant Fellowshipper” needs Big Cheese guidance—in the person of Gwen—to truly understand the Bible:
If you think that … your job is to stay in the Bible and all you’ve got to do is to … make all your own decisions about your life … a lot of people I think have entered Weigh Down and … then they became better than their teacher … They didn’t have to come to the teacher. So what I felt like God has done is shake them up: “Wait a minute, I’ve put a teacher here on purpose. I want you to listen, and I don’t want you to start bypassing this because there’s [sic] other teachings that are going to come out and I’m not going to speak directly. Not each person is going to have a gift … You need to be in under authority”14Audio tape of the Remnant Fellowship service of 4/9/00. Tape on file
You need to be under authority—Gwen’s authority. Are we as true Christians to blindly follow our teachers? Ephesians 4:11-16 makes it abundantly clear that we are to test what we are being told, not to be children tossed about by crafty teachers, but mature in Christ and being led by the Holy Spirit. We are commanded by Paul to check what our teachers say by Scripture—and independent thought is very necessary to this evaluation process! Our devotion is never to be to our church or our leaders, as much as we may love them and appreciate their role in our education. Our devotion is to be to God alone, and the Bible is our standard.
Characteristic #2: False Prophets: Prophetic Speculation & False Teachings
Biblically speaking, there is more than one defining characteristic of a false prophet. One characteristic is predicting future events that fail to come to pass. One such “miss” qualifies a group or a person as a false prophet. Deuteronomy 18:20 states:
“But a prophet who presumes to speak in my name anything I have not commanded him to say, or who speaks in the name of other gods, must be put to death.”
There are two different scenarios presented here. (1) The prophet may claim to speak a message from the true God that He has not authorized or commanded the self-appointed prophet to speak, or (2) the prophet may speak in the name of other gods to draw people away from the true God. Either one of these would get the prophet stoned to death under Old Testament Law.
A very good question is presented next. In verses 21-22, God says:
“You may say to yourselves, ‘How can we know when a message has not been spoken by the LORD?’ If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the LORD does not take place or come true, that is a message the LORD has not spoken. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. Do not be afraid of him.”
We’re so grateful God put these words in the Bible! These verses nail such groups and persons as the Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons,** Guru Ma of the Church Universal and Triumphant, David Koresh, Ellen G. White, Benny Hinn, and many others who have made predictions in the name of God concerning future events that failed to happen. These are easily shown to be false prophets because there is no way out for them. All you have to do is establish that they claim to be a prophet or prophetess of God, and that their prophecies (or supposed revelations) have failed.
The other characteristic of a false prophet concerns the prophet’s teachings. Do they speak for the true God (the LORD, YHWH), or is the god they represent a false one?
Cults certainly do not represent the God of the Bible but one of their own making. The JW deity is a limited god who does not know the future (lacks omniscience, cf. Psalm 147:5), cannot be everywhere at one time (is not omnipresent, cf. Psalm 139:7-18), and because of these two deficiencies, is certainly not the all-powerful (or omnipotent, cf. Isaiah: 40:67) God of the Bible. The Mormon god has these same problems, and moreover, there is not one God, in their view, but millions; and men also can become gods over their own little planets if they try hard enough. Heaven’s Gate leader Marshall Applewhite’s god was a space alien. All the cults have the wrong god one way or another. Gwen’s god is so small that he actually fears human beings could harm or kill him! Gwen also teaches that the Father and Son are two separate beings,1515. Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p5&6 rather than two persons in one being (nature); and the Holy Spirit is a “good attitude.”16Audio tape of the Remnant Fellowship service of 4/19/00. Tape on file
So, in light of the fact that Gwen represents a false god, does she, like the JWs, Mormons, etc., claim to be a prophet of the LORD God? Yes, she does! Does she claim to speak God’s words and messages to His people? Yes, she does.
I feel like I have the same calling that Ezekiel, Jeremiah, Amos, Zephaniah, and Micah all had …17WDW archived e-mail #22
If anyone calls oneself a prophet of God and makes false predictions or teaches a false god, he or she is a false prophet. God’s people are to test those who claim to be prophets by both of these criteria. If he or she makes predictions for the future that fail to come to pass, that alone will convict them. If they never make false prophecies regarding the future, but teach a false view of God, that alone convicts them. Many cults are false prophets on both counts.
Jesus warned His followers at Matthew 7:15 that false prophets would come to them in sheep’s clothing. That is, they would look like true Christians but their fruit would expose them! False prophecies and false teachings are the fruit of these prophets. Jesus did not indicate that there was some prophet “wannabe” middle ground, whereby false prophets might be excused if they were well meaning or admitted their mistakes. After giving them a Biblical evaluation, we are to give ‘em a “T” or give ‘em an “F.”
Characteristic #3: We’re the Bad Guys: Attack the Christian Church
Cults hold differing beliefs but are absolutely united in their contempt and hatred of … guess who? Us—the Christian Church! We are the common enemy, the root of all the world’s ills, hypocrites, warmongers, immoral. The Church is responsible for racism, sexism, imperialism, exploitation of resources, and acne. Well, maybe not acne, but if they could pin acne on us, they would.
The WTBTS is up front about the contempt they hold for “Christendom.” They vigorously attack Christian clergy and institutions in almost every issue of WATCHTOWER magazine. The Christian church is the infamous “whore of Babylon” which will soon be destroyed by God in the Battle of Armageddon, which is (as ever) right around the corner.
The Mormons show a somewhat friendlier face toward the Christian church than the WTBTS does, preferring in modern times to be accepted as “just another denomination” to ease their proselytization efforts within the churches. Yet they (falsely) believe just as strongly as the WTBTS that they are “restoring” the true Christianity that was “lost” in the early centuries after the death of the Apostles. Past “prophets” of the Mormon religious organization were less concerned about acceptance, and consequently, were clear about their identification of the Christian churches. Collectively, the churches made up … you guessed it … the same old “whore of Babylon.” Former Mormon prophet Orson Pratt wrote in The Seer:
Both Catholics and Protestants are nothing less than the “whore of Babylon” whom the Lord denounces by the mouth of John the Revelator as having corrupted all the earth by their fornication and wickedness. And any person who shall be so wicked as to receive the holy ordinance of the gospel from the ministers of any of these apostate churches will be sent down to hell with them unless they repent of the unholy and impious act.1818. The Seer, Orson Pratt, p225
And of course, Gwen Shamblin has “weighed in” on the evil Church—the same evil Church that invited her in (most of the 30,000 WDW groups were held in churches) and gave her millions of dollars. (Over a million people have attended at $103.00 for first-time participants. Add it up!) Like the JWs and Mormons, and a whole host of other cults, Gwen identifies the “whore of Babylon”—the woman who rides the beast in Revelation—as none other than the “counterfeit church.” “Christendom”—you and me—us. Oh, what a surprise.
This is the beast—people that are meeting together that are anti-authority. Chapter 18 [of Revelation] tells us to flee the ‘Babylon Church.’ ‘Come out of her, my people, so you will not share in her sins.’ Get out quick because God is going to destroy those that are rebellious.1919. Remnant Basics Audio tape 1, Remnant Fellowship, Franklin, TN, 2000
Tell me why inside the church are they not wanting to get it all right and bow down? Because the great delusion infiltrated many decades go … Truly the counterfeit church has taken over and sin is rampant and the wall is broken down.20Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 3/19/00
According to Gwen, Martin Luther and the reformation are largely to blame for the alleged mess we find ourselves in. She believes Luther concocted the concept of “grace” in order to excuse his sinful lifestyle, and introduced a false gospel into the Church at that time:
A theologian that studied law went into the monastery; he came up with a lot of the theology that we have today for grace that I don’t see in the Bible.2121. State of the Church, February 1999; Weigh Down Workshop, Franklin,TN
.…This is a massive century long and centuries old lie … that theologian had to come up with another gospel.2222. State of the Church, February 1999; Weigh Down Workshop, Franklin, TN
This is just a small sampling of Shamblin’s hateful rants against the Church. She also holds Christian pastors in contempt. So arrogant (delusional?) has she become that Shamblin actually believes God is beginning to destroy those Christian leaders who oppose her message:
So I’m gonna tell you what’s going on right now. Another thing that went on when Amy and I were on book tour and we kept hearing …‘Our preacher had brain cancer.’ … It was like three in a row where they lost their preacher or the preacher quit or … they were fired or whatever. God is getting rid of the head and the tail. What does that leave? It leaves the Body. It leaves the Body of God, and He’s doing a new thing. So you’re gonna be witnessing all of this, the heads and the tails cut off—the preachers and the elders.23Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 2/27/00
We are not saying the Church is above criticism—not at all. It is the hatred and venom of the cults that set them apart in this regard, and their wholesale trashing of the leaders of the Church. Any Christian pastor or teacher that faithfully teaches the Gospel of the Grace of God will have a target painted on their chests by the cults. We believe it should be seen and worn as a badge of honor.
Characteristic #4: Christian Doctrine is Unreasonable: A Religion That “Makes Sense”
Cults heap contempt on the doctrines of the Christian faith, especially the Trinity and the Deity of Christ. Many go so far as to imagine they are the true Christians because they oppose these (and other) doctrines. This is highly illogical in view of the fact that such anti-Trinitarian views are held by a myriad of cult groups in the world today. It’s funny they all seem to think they are the only ones who have discovered the “truth” about the churches and Church doctrine.
When people who are exiting a cult group are asked why they joined the group in the first place, they will very often reply that the teachings of the group all fit together like a hand in a glove. The teachings seemed very logical. Guru Ma of the Church Universal and Triumphant says her message “attracts” people because she “put it all together” for them. In a similar vein, the Chicago New Church, an older cult founded by Emmanuel Swedenborg, advertises itself as “A religion that makes sense.”2424. Chicago Tribune, Dec. 12, 1993, Tempo Section
The WTBTS calls the Trinity a “confusing” doctrine, contrary to normal reason, unlike anything in their experience. Gwen Shamblin agrees with them. When we spoke with Shamblin by phone, she stated that Christian Church leaders (who she referred to as “false prophets and false teachers”) use the “false teaching” of the Trinity doctrine to keep the flock in a state of confusion.
One pleasant aspect of being a cult leader is making up a god that “makes sense” and confuses no one. Of course, such a god would have to be very small and uncomplicated; eternality, omniscience, omnipresence, and omnipotence would have to go, which is exactly why the cults throw out those confusing “inconveniences” along with God’s tri-personal nature. But if reason is our sole guide—is it reasonable to insist that the Creator of the Universe must, of necessity, be like anything within man’s experience—fully understandable and explainable by our finite minds? Of course not, God is a different life form.
Cultic doctrines are born of “Bible difficulties”—things taught in the Bible that are beyond the capacity of human yardsticks or scales to measure and weigh. One stumbling block to understanding the full Deity of Christ is the fact the Father generated the Son, and yet, Father and Son are co-eternal. There was never a time when the Son did not exist. Is that impossible, or just beyond our finite understanding? It’s funny we are perfectly willing to accept that fire possesses properties unlike the properties of human nature, even though the average person has no idea of how it “works.”
Here’s an experiment you can try at home. You’ll need two candles—one to represent the Father and one the Son. You can add a third to represent the Holy Spirit if you like. Ignore the candles, it is the flames we are examining. The candles are just the holders. Light the first, and then see how the original flame can generate another upon the other candle. One flame so easily becomes two, yet the first is not diminished. Also, the fire making up the original flame is no “older” than the fire on the generated one. They are the same exact age. Now put the flames together again. Impossible! How can the two be one? Yet we all believe it—we do not insist that fire cannot exist as it does—that it must fit within the framework of what is possible for human beings. Fire does not possess human nature, and that explains why it acts more like fire than like a man! By the same token, we do not have the luxury of making up a god that must operate within the bounds of our limited nature. We are finite—God is infinite. Just as a finite human parent begets a finite human child, an infinite Eternal Father begets an infinite Eternal Son. The true God does not possess the nature of man and so does not have to conform to our “way of being.” We must just accept God as he has revealed Himself in the Bible.
The Bible teaches there is only one God yet, without flinching, asserts there are three divine persons within that Godhead. What to do, what to do? JWs choose the Old Testament “oneness” as their banner, and shrink their Jesus to the status of mere manhood. The Mormons recognize that all three persons are referred to as God, so they throw monotheism out and make their god one in a million. Rather than make the mistake of lowering Jesus to the status of mere manhood, they raise mankind to the status of godhood. Gwen subscribes to a view somewhere between these two. To Gwen, the Father is the main God—the big one, with the Son having come into existence at a point in time. Jesus is a secondary little god, but he is “way up there”—closer to God than man.
All of these various cultic options falsely shorten the distance between manhood and godhood so that it seems man may, by his own efforts, jump across and earn God’s acceptance. Yet, the Bible teaches the distance is so great that it can be bridged by God alone through the incarnation (taking on of human flesh) and mediation of Jesus Christ and never by man’s efforts or reshaping of reality.
Characteristic #5: Twisting the Scriptures: Making Black, White
Sometimes, in order to “fix” those unreasonable Christian doctrines that have been around for centuries, it has been necessary for cults to twist a Scripture or two to fit their enlightened understanding of what the Bible actually means. How can cult groups “rescue” the Scriptures from their obvious (but misguided) meaning? A text without a context is a pretext, so the saying goes. A pretext is something, which sounds true but is, in reality, false. When you are in a cult, you are in “pretext heaven.” A hallmark of a cult is to make the false ring true.
How do they accomplish this? First, they employ what is called “proof texting,” or stringing a bunch of unrelated verses together to make their case. Another “Scripture twister” is to ignore the historical grammatical context of a given passage. What does that mean? In any legitimate Bible exegesis, we want to understand exactly what the author of the passage meant to convey. We need to know the history and the culture of the writer in order to discern what the meaning of a particular word or phrase was at the time and in that culture. For example, in the 20th Century culture, the word “gay” meant something entirely different than it did in the “Gay 90’s” of the 1800’s. If we were to read something authored during that older time period, we would not be honest if we attempted to read the late 20th Century understanding of the word into the 19th Century setting. The word “firstborn” was, in New Testament times, a title meaning “the preeminent one”—the one with the right to rule. Yet, the WTBTS twist on this passage is that Paul was calling Jesus a created being by calling Him the “firstborn of all creation” at Col. 1:15. Gwen Shamblin holds a very similar view as she writes:
For example, if the Greek scholars translated the words “Jesus is the firstborn over all creation,” you can count on the Greek meaning being “born first.”2525. Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p4
The passage is actually saying the opposite in its context; that Jesus is the Creator of all things, and so has the right to rule over all creation. In addition to this historical understanding, legitimate Bible exegesis demands a knowledge and honest use of the rules of grammar that would be employed to understand any literary work.
Gwen claims to respect the Word of God, (and Greek scholars) and to buttress her argument about Col. 1:15, she condemns those who she (wrongly) claims are changing or adding to it:
Someone might claim to you and boast to you that they are a better Greek scholar than all the hundreds of the prestigious Greek scholars of our day who accurately translated the Greek word into the English word, “firstborn,” in the New International Version. These people may boast that they know better, but please be careful of people who add to or take away from the Bible.2626. Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p9
This is another “strawman argument,” of course. We have no quarrel with scholars concerning their use of the word “firstborn.” We quarrel with her misunderstanding that the word “firstborn,” in this context, has anything to do with birth order.
But for all Gwen’s supposed respect for “Greek scholars,” she blithely disrespects the scholarship that has brought us the Bible translations we presently possess. She cheerfully adds to the Bible whatever words she needs to make it say what she wants it to say. For example, like other anti-Trinitarians, she has a problem of what to do with the Holy Spirit, whom the Bible shows to be both a person and Almighty God (Acts 5:3-4)! Oh, what to do, what to do? Here’s what Gwen does. During the April 19, 2000 Remnant Fellowship service, she actually instructed her followers to write in their Bibles “good attitude” under the word “Spirit.” Voila! No more problem! The Holy Spirit is no longer a person, but a feeling!
What does Gwen do with Galatians, written to expose false brethren such as herself? It is quite interesting actually. First, she admits to her followers that a plain reading of the text makes her teachings sound “completely off-base,” and presents a fairly accurate picture of what Galatians actually says, although, of course, she doesn’t BELIEVE it and neither should they!
I’m going to read chapter 2, verse 15, through chapter 3, verse 14, and it’s gonna sound like we are completely off-base in this group. What it’s gonna sound like is that you crazy people started with the Spirit and now you are trying to do a work to be justified in God and to get to heaven. 27Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 4/19/00 … If we are trying to do it by the law now, have we separated ourselves from Christ? A strong argument unless you know the truth.28Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 4/19/00 … This grace [in Galatians] sounds like you don’t have to do anything.29Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 4/19/00
Gwen teaches that one’s justification depends upon law-keeping and she very plainly sees that here in Galatians the Apostle Paul presents a “strong argument” against this very thing! Moreover, this pesky text suggests that to try to gain salvation by law-keeping separates one from Christ! Oh, no! It sounds like you don’t have to do anything to be saved! And, of course, it sounds like that because it is like that! Just like that! But, plain as it is, Gwen doesn’t BELIEVE it and neither should her hapless followers. No, in her little world, it is only “a strong argument unless you know the truth;” and THE truth is Gwen’s truth. Shades of Groucho Marx … Who are you gonna believe—me or your own eyes? Sadly, cult members are expected to deny “their own eyes” and “see” only what they are told to see.
This next excerpt is the most interesting of all. Gwen tells the folks she is going to have to “read it [the text] quickly” so that it will not disturb them with the news that “there is nothing we can do” to earn salvation!
I’m gonna go ahead and read chapter 2, verse 15, through chapter 3, verse 14. I’m gonna read it quickly because I’m reading it and you’re gonna be hearing it from the voice of the other side. It’s gonna sound like there is nothing we can do, we just need to quit trying this human effort stuff. 30Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 4/19/00
Does fast reading change the meaning? We can only surmise it is that old “cookie rule” at work—eat them fast enough, and the calories don’t count! What if we were to read the Bible standing over the kitchen sink or on the run? Will that likewise change the meaning?
Next, Gwen says how confusing it all is, sounding as it does like “we’re justified by this faith” and that law-keeping is a “yoke of slavery.”
So now we are thoroughly confused, and it looks like goodness gracious we’re justified by this faith and we need to just not burden anybody with a yoke of slavery.31Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 3/5/00. Commenting on Galatians 5:1-5 and how confusing the book of Galatians is
Goodness gracious, indeed! Here is a Scripture hint: When you have to read Scripture really fast to avoid hearing what the passage actually says, you should probably examine YOUR BELIEFS instead! Friends, don’t let Gwen’s thorough confusion become your problem. Remember Paul’s warning from Galatians chapter 1, verses 6-8. It is so apropos to the situation here:
I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of God and are turning to a different gospel—which is really no gospel at all. Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ. But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel to you other than the one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned!3232.NIV
Throwing people into confusion is the forte of the cults. If you are asked to choose between some Johnny-come-lately, self-appointed prophet or the Apostle Paul, whom are you going to choose? Listen to Paul, and do not allow yourselves to become enslaved to Gwen’s (or anyone else’s) perversion of the plain teaching of Scripture (Galatians 4:9).
Characteristic #6: “Look At Our Works!!!”: Salvation By Our Own Efforts
Most pseudo-Christian cults talk about Jesus, acknowledge His life and death, and manage to squeeze Him into their salvation process somewhere. But rather than accepting what Jesus did on our behalf is alone sufficient to save anyone, cults and false religions offer their adherents the “Jesus-plus plan.” Yes, Jesus is part of the picture, but what Jesus accomplished on Calvary only gives folks in association with the proper group, the opportunity to save themselves through whatever works the group deems as necessary to perform salvation.
Let’s look at the Christian “formula” for salvation and compare it with the cult “formula.”
Christian View ………….. Faith = Salvation + Works
Cult View ….….. Faith + Works = Salvation
The 70-Year Job Interview
Gwen Shamblin likens this life to a “70-year job interview.” You and I must live our lives in such a way as to earn a position in God’s company. He is the CEO. He puts you through rigorous tests to see if you are a person whom He—as the “boss”—can trust. Life gets difficult when God, your potential employer, throws problems at you to see how well you can handle authority. Will you obediently submit to your boss … and like it? It is not enough to obey—you have to enjoy it, and you better be really careful not to forget anything. This is not a job interview you want to flub—Heaven or Hell awaits you depending upon the impression you make!
You are in a job interview. How can He test you if everyday is sunshiney [sic]? How does He test you to see if you can submit under authority and like your authority?33WDW staff devotions, audio tape on file (no date) … And for us to get hired into this kingdom, to go through this job interview process down here on this 70 years, we ought to be doing everything we can and filling out our application forms making sure we haven’t forgotten anything.34Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 2/27/00
It is very important we show ourselves to be meek and humble, so God won’t have to worry about a hostile takeover!
He gives salvation to the humble. Why? In other words, they get to be in His business, they get to be hired on to be there for life because He can trust them after 70 years … your anger, anything, all will be under His control and He has no fear that you’re gonna like, jump out at Him like that spider or try to take over. After the experience with Satan, He couldn’t take that anymore. So that’s why we’re under this experiment in a 70-year job interview to see who will be humble.35WDW staff devotions, audio tape on file; no date
Poor God—He just “couldn’t take” another experience like He had with Satan. Therefore, He can only allow such people around Him who He knows will not hurt or kill Him. That’s why God allows tough situations to arise in your life—not for your spiritual growth but for His protection! If you buy Gwen’s viewpoint, you better make sure your résumé is up to date, and you have the proper credentials to sell yourself and get the job. This is the God Gwen sees in the Scriptures? This graceless, fearful “potential boss?” She must be reading the Bible really, really fast!
… God knows when you get to heaven, if you haven’t had a tough situation you’re gonna make the same judgement on Him. They did it to Jesus. If they’ll kill Jesus, they’ll kill God when they get to heaven. Satan tried to do that many centuries ago.36WDW staff devotions, audio tape on file: no date
What a pathetic god Gwen represents—certainly not the Almighty God of the Bible!
Judge Me By My Success
Worldly measures of achievement (financial success, membership growth rates, etc.) do not imply God’s blessing, yet cults point people to such “successes” to prove God is behind them. Gwen is no different. Just like these other groups, Gwen points us to her success and popularity to prove to us God has appointed her to speak for Him—that she is God’s true prophet for our time. Here Gwen twists Jesus’ statement that good fruit cannot be harvested from a bad tree. We are supposed to acknowledge she is a “good tree” because of the thousands of people who have allegedly bought into her “total Lordship” teaching and, as a result, have improved their lives.
If I were a bad tree, you would not be hearing from the thousands who have given themselves over to total Lordship to God Almighty through Jesus Christ and proven it by turning away from any stronghold through my teachings and God’s Word.37Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p2
Of course, Gwen offers no evidence to support her claim that her followers “have given themselves over to total Lordship to God”—how would anyone even know that about someone else? Can Gwen see into their souls? But, of course, all cult groups make this same claim. Countless families have been “saved” or greatly strengthened by their association with Mormonism. The WTBTS continually brags of how many millions of people worldwide have had their lives improved by coming under their bondage … er …“tutelage.” But, of course, even a quick glance at Jesus’ words in Matthew 7:15-23 shows that Jesus was not talking about examining Christian works, but examining the “fruit” of alleged “prophets” to discern whether they were true or false. “Beware of false prophets! They will come to you in sheep’s clothing” looking for all the world like true Christians, but their teachings will be false when examined by the Scriptures. False prophets will always produce false teachings, regardless of their appearance of spirituality. Good works are no yardstick of true Christianity.
We use what we call our “apple tree” illustration to explain the difference between true Christian Soteriology (Doctrine of Salvation) and the cult view and practice. Yes, we used this illustration in the last Journal, but it fits here, so bear with us. If we tell you that an apple tree represents a Christian, with apples representing good Christian works, how would you say those apples were produced? They naturally flow from the very nature of the tree! No apple tree frets and worries (or toils or spins, to quote the Master) about producing apples, do they? Nor are the apples produced out of an act of the apple tree’s will. We understand that, although the fruit comes forth from the apple tree, they are really produced by God, right?
Now, if we were to show you an evergreen tree with apples tied or glued onto it, would such affixed apples make that evergreen tree an apple tree? Could the fruit change the nature of the tree? No! We could admire the apples, perhaps, or even pluck one off and eat it, but let’s face it; evergreen trees are not going to gain eternal life! Only apple trees are granted that privilege.
For our illustration, we could say that all of us are evergreen trees until we put our faith in the finished work of Christ and accept the free gift of eternal life. At that moment, God changes our nature (Gal. 2:20); turns us into an apple tree. There is no going back. We can cooperate with the gardener by submitting to His pruning, growing in the direction He wants us to, and produce fruit; or we can “grow willfully wild” and produce little fruit, but all apple trees will produce some fruit.
Just the same, a Christian produces good works from their nature. The new nature is one of love, and love will always produce good works!
The cultists are pasting good works on themselves, but they cannot change their nature. Cult members and nominal churchgoers are hoping to be judged by the apples they have pasted on themselves.
Can we always tell a tree by its apples? What if we were to find a genuine apple tree with no apples on it? Would we then label that tree an evergreen? That would be silly, because an apple tree, with or without fruit, is not an evergreen tree. No, we know that in nature, there are sometimes good reasons why a tree might not be bearing fruit. It may be out of season, or perhaps, it is merely immature. Or it may have suffered an injury from a particularly bad winter, a late frost, or a crippling storm. By the same token, we all know of someone who claims to be a Christian, and yet, our inspection doesn’t turn up evidential apples. Does this mean the fruitless one is not a Christian? Perhaps. But sometimes we need to be patient. Then the miracle happens. The tree matures, blossoms, and then – APPLES!
Okay, here’s a test—two trees come to your door—what are you going to look for? Not apples (good works)—pinecones (false teachings)!!! They may be clean cut and look just like Christians, and even carry Bibles, but all that can easily be “pasted” on. However, if you ask them who Jesus is and they say “Michael the Archangel” (as with the JWs), or “the spirit brother of Lucifer” (as with the Mormons), or “one of the seven incarnations of the Avatar” (as in Hinduism), or the one who came to offer us a “70-year job interview” (in Shamblin’s case)—these are the telltale PINECONES!
How does a person become an apple tree anyway? John 1:12-13. As many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become apple trees, to those who believe on His name (paraphrased). Note in verse 13 that such a transformation is not by natural birth (there are no “born” apple trees except Jesus), not by the will of the evergreen (apple pasting), nor by the will of other men (no salvation by association). The offer of accepting Christ’s ransom by faith to receive full pardon from our sins is open to ALL men, but we must BELIEVE it.
To the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is reckoned as righteousness (Romans 4:5).
The cults say, “That is too easy.” To that we answer—you have to argue with the Bible, not with us. But we don’t think it is all that easy either. Is it easy to swallow your pride and believe there is nothing you can do to contribute to your own salvation—that you are powerless to save yourself? If the Gospel is so easy to believe, why are so many out there—like Gwen and her followers—trying to save themselves?
Characteristic #7: Don’t Tell Me You’re Saved!!!: No Assurance of Eternal Life
What is one problem you can envision with the “Faith + Works”’ formula of achieving acceptance before God? Exactly! Who decides what works God requires? All cult groups have their own version of “the works necessary for salvation.”
Another problem with earning salvation is how will anyone know if they have done enough? When it comes to the cults, there is no “enough.” EVER. Insecurity is a driving force behind the zeal of the cults.
What does such a lack of assurance lead to? A conscientious person will find himself in terrible bondage to guilt and fear because, as he looks at himself honestly, he knows he is not righteous in his own right and cannot live up to God’s standards. A person who is less honest with himself will tend to become very self-righteous and will categorize sins as big and little sins, with the big ones being the ones he never or rarely engages in. I have been asked countless times by the meticulous categorizers, “You mean somebody could just go out and commit murder and still be saved?” Notice they do not say, “You mean somebody could go out and tell a little white lie or a little harmless gossip and still be saved?” The fact is folks; King David did commit murder. And as for those “little sins,” didn’t Jesus liken anger to murder in the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5:21-22)?
We do not have to be in bondage to guilt and fear, because Romans 8:1 says, “there is now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus.” A cultist has no concept of what it means to be in Christ Jesus. The Holy Spirit baptizes us into His body (1Cor. 12:13). Can we be amputated out?
Understanding the Christian’s parent/child relationship to God is the key. Parents—ask yourself—what kind of disappointment would cause you to forsake your child? Who loved Jeffrey Dahmer and mourned his death? His parents. What about Susan Smith, the woman all America loves to hate for drowning her young sons? Although Susan is a gross exception that proves the rule, Linda Russell (Susan’s mother) was quoted in People Magazine as saying, “I’m Susan’s mom, I love her.” If love is conditional, it’s not parental love.
Indeed, would we consider a good human parent to be one who only loved their child until they were disappointed in them or let down? What would it do to their relationship if the child knew he was loved conditionally and could be deserted at any time? Does a child who is insecure in his father’s love act better than a child who knows they are loved unconditionally? Of course not, the opposite is true.
What kind of person does a child whom has only known conditional love become? He becomes a conditional lover himself, since that is the only type of love he has known. To me, this concept is very helpful in understanding the “shunning” practiced by cult groups upon adherents who fall out of favor with the group, or people who have made themselves “the enemy” by coming out in opposition to the cult group. People who find themselves in a position of having to continually “earn God’s favor” cannot feel genuine love for God; only servitude. And they, in turn, know nothing of loving people who do not meet their standards. Salvation is a gift, a free gift with no strings attached (Eph. 2-8-9). We gain entrance into the family of God and eternal life purely on the basis of God’s grace—His undeserved kindness.
So what place do “works” have in the whole scheme of things? The Bible talks an awful lot about Christian works. Jesus told His followers to “store up treasures in Heaven” (Matt. 6:20). The fruit of our labor here on Earth is heavenly “treasure.” And salvation is always and only by grace, rewards are by works (1 Cor. 3:10-15). The hapless cult member is kept in the dark about this reality, and for good reason. If the cultist actually believed salvation was a free gift of God without strings attached, his devotion would be directed toward his gracious benefactor instead of toward the “Big Cheese.” That will never do! Another “sad” result of salvation purely by the grace of God would be no room for boasting on the part of the group’s adherents. And the “Big Cheese” fears (and rightly so) that without the heavy use of guilt and fear, they would not be able to demand and get total obedience to every twist of doctrine to come down the pike.
In our opinion, Gwen Shamblin is a cult leader and Remnant Fellowship is a new cult in the making. We know some people will be offended by this label, and feel it is “mean” to refer to Gwen this way. After all, she seems so sincere. But you will have to read the Scriptures at super-sonic speed to find any sympathy in there for false prophets and false teachers—as Gwen most assuredly is. We do believe it is quite possible she is “sincere.” Many false prophets are. Do the leaders of the Jehovah’s Witnesses sincerely believe they are chosen by God to bring “the truth” to the world? We think so. Mormon leader Gordon Hinkley appeared on Larry King Live last year. He seemed very sincere to us. Biblically though, “sincerity” is not offered as a mitigating circumstance. What God condemns, we need not defend.38Furthermore, our thinking is that if you are going to call the Christian Church “the whore of Babylon,” “the beast,” “counterfeit,” etc., and consign all of her pastors and elders to the trash heap, you cannot be thin skinned when pointed criticism comes your way
But if anyone is uncomfortable calling Gwen’s Remnant Fellowship a cult, they may, by all means, avoid the word and refer to it as a pseudo-Christian religious movement or a new false-prophet organization. The label is not important. What matters is that she is a genuine false prophet, teaching false doctrines to her flock, and attempting to spread these falsehoods far and wide in the Church.
Don was interviewed on the 700 Club back in October, and the program was aired in December after the election fracas. Gwen was interviewed on the program as well. Her parting comment was that she hopes the “Christian world” would not “shut her mouth” until she has accomplished her mission. Her goal is to “warn the church” of the consequences of what she sees as their apostasy and “counterfeit” status. She means to draw off as many disciples after herself from the pews as she can and then—the pastors and elders of the “Christian world” will be either killed or otherwise eliminated by God, leaving her in charge. It is sad to us that she is so deluded. Even sadder is the fact she has convinced a number of folks to follow her into this folly.
The Churches’ job is not to “shut her mouth,” but to “contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3), and to attempt to rescue those who have fallen captive to false teachers (Col. 2:8, 2 Pet. 2:1-9). The thing to keep in mind is that anyone can be deceived by a good counterfeit like Gwen Shamblin, like the JWs, like the Mormons, etc. Christian love asks us to respond by seeking out the ones who have been led astray and lead them back to the fold, whether they’re in your church or at your door.Ω
*Watchtower Bible & Tract Society (WTBTS) is the government or clergy of the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JWs).
**Mormons a.k.a. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
© 2015, Midwest Christian Outreach, Inc. All rights reserved. Excerpts and links may be used if full and clear credit is given with specific direction to the original content.
|↑1||Remnant Basics, Remnant Fellowship, Franklin, TN, 2000 tape 1 (Weigh Down Workshop will hereafter be WDW|
|↑2||Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p3.|
|↑3||Weigh Down Workshop archived e-mail #29|
|↑4, ↑5||Unmasking Modern Cults, Alan Gomes, Zondervan, 1995, p7|
|↑6||Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p3|
|↑7||The Birth of a Cult?, Greg Koukl, November/December, www.str.org/free/solid_ground/SG0011.htm, p2|
|↑8||he WATCHTOWER is one of the bi-weekly publications of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society a.k.a. Jehovah’s Witnesses|
|↑9||9. The WATCHTOWER, January 15, 1983, p22|
|↑10||10. The WATCHTOWER, January 15, 1983, p22|
|↑11||WDW archived e-mail #29|
|↑12, ↑16||Audio tape of the Remnant Fellowship service of 4/19/00. Tape on file|
|↑14||Audio tape of the Remnant Fellowship service of 4/9/00. Tape on file|
|↑15||15. Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p5&6|
|↑17||WDW archived e-mail #22|
|↑18||18. The Seer, Orson Pratt, p225|
|↑19||19. Remnant Basics Audio tape 1, Remnant Fellowship, Franklin, TN, 2000|
|↑20||Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 3/19/00|
|↑21||21. State of the Church, February 1999; Weigh Down Workshop, Franklin,TN|
|↑22||22. State of the Church, February 1999; Weigh Down Workshop, Franklin, TN|
|↑23, ↑34||Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 2/27/00|
|↑24||24. Chicago Tribune, Dec. 12, 1993, Tempo Section|
|↑25||25. Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p4|
|↑26||26. Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p9|
|↑27, ↑28, ↑29, ↑30||Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 4/19/00|
|↑31||Remnant Fellowship Worship Service, 3/5/00. Commenting on Galatians 5:1-5 and how confusing the book of Galatians is|
|↑33||WDW staff devotions, audio tape on file (no date|
|↑35||WDW staff devotions, audio tape on file; no date|
|↑36||WDW staff devotions, audio tape on file: no date|
|↑37||Statement Regarding the Teaching of the Trinity – Expanded 9/15/2000, p2|
|↑38||Furthermore, our thinking is that if you are going to call the Christian Church “the whore of Babylon,” “the beast,” “counterfeit,” etc., and consign all of her pastors and elders to the trash heap, you cannot be thin skinned when pointed criticism comes your way|